White spot lesions (WSL) is a dental condition characterized by the appearance of white or chalky spots on the surface of a tooth. These spots can be indicative of early stage tooth decay or dental caries. Plaque is composed of bacteria that can cause demineralization of the teeth by releasing acids onto the teeth.
WSLs can develop when plaque accumulates on the teeth and minerals are stripped from the tooth enamel, creating areas of demineralization. If these white spot lesions are left untreated, they can progress to cavities and cause more significant dental problems.
Therefore, having a dental cleaning done regularly is one of many reason to help prevent with white spot lesions. By just searching up “dental cleanings near me” you can find the closest location.
If the lesion is in its early stages and hasn’t progressed to cavities, during your dental cleanings, your dental profession may recommend fluoride treatment. Fluoride helps remineralize the enamel and strengthen the tooth structure. This can be done through fluoride gels, varnishes, or toothpaste with higher fluoride content. One example of a high fluoride toothpaste is Clinpro 5000.
Good oral hygiene practices, such as regular brushing and flossing, and visiting a dental professional for dental cleanings, can help prevent the progression of white spot lesions. Dental professionals may provide guidance on proper brushing and flossing techniques.
Reducing the consumption of sugary and acidic foods and drinks can help prevent further demineralization. Your dental professional can help provide dietary recommendations. Some examples of foods that fight cavities are cheese, nuts and crunchy vegetables like carrots.
Dental professionals may recommend products like calcium and phosphate pastes or MI Paste to help remineralize the affected enamel.
In some cases, a dentist may use a resin infiltration technique to treat white spot lesions. This involves applying a resin material to the affected area. Which can help improve the appearance of the tooth and prevent further damage.
Microabrasion is a minimally invasive procedure that involves removing a thin layer of the enamel, including the white spot, to improve the tooth’s appearance. This procedure is typically used for more pronounced white spots.
If the white spot has progressed to a cavity, a dental filling may be necessary to restore the damaged tooth structure.
It is important to catch and address white spot lesions early to prevent further tooth decay and damage. Regular dental check-ups and professional dental cleanings are essential for early detection and appropriate treatment. Your dental professional will evaluate the severity of the white spot lesion and recommend the most suitable treatment plan for your specific situation.
Emma Johnson is the owner of Pearl Boutique, a clinic that specializes in teeth whitening. She is a registered dental hygienist and completed her diploma at Camosun College, which offers one of the best recognized dental hygiene programs in Canada. Emma also holds a health science degree in kinesiology from the University of the Fraser Valley.